PhD (history), Historian of the Research Department (history department) of Taras Shevchenko National University of Kyiv
UDС 327 (498+НАТО)
The article touches upon Romania’s path towards obtaining its NATO membership, as well as the prerequisites of shaping of its international image in the sphere of security. The external reasons of activating Romania’s accession to the North Atlantic Treaty Organization have been analyzed, and the fundamental geopolitical factors of Romania’s importance and contribution to the Transatlantic and regional security have been outlined. The article also reveals the basic stages of rapprochement between Bucharest and NATO in 1990 – 2004. Special attention has been paid to the process of the Romanian military sector reforming in early 1990s, which constituted an essential element of the country’s gaining membership in the Alliance. Some comparisons of the Romanian and Ukrainian paths towards obtaining NATO membership and introducing their Euro-Atlantic integration have been made. It is concluded that en route towards NATO, not only did Romania succeed in holding some essential reforms of the social and political sectors to fulfill its Euro-Atlantic aspirations, but it also has found itself in a particularly profitable situation of the international security situation’s transformation. What is more, Romania did prove itself as an important strategic partner with its geopolitical and geographical position in the Black Sea basin and in the Balkans. Today, these factors continue contributing to Romania’s importance for NATO’s practical activities aimed to provide peace and security to the Black Sea region.
Romania, NATO, Euro-Atlantic integration, defense, strategic partnership, international security.
Download the аrticle
- BEZNOS, N. (2012) Kontseptual’nye osnovy strategii NATO v otnoshenii Chernomorskogo regiona. Panorama politologichnyh stydiy: Naukoviy visnyk Rivnenskogo derzhavnogo gumanitarnogo universytety. Vol. 9, р. 87-94.
- GENCHA, А. (2007) Chlenstvo Rumunii v NATO – nabuttya garantiy bezpeky ta stabil’nosti. Partnerstvo zarady bezpeky: dosvid krain NATO ta ukrains’ka perspektyva. Кyiv: Instityt transformacii suspil’stva, р. 65-67.
- ZLATIN, О. (2016) Zovnishnya polityka j natsional’na bezpeka Rumunii u konteksti agresii Rosii proty Ukrainy. Mizhnarodni zvjazki Ukrainy: naukovi poshyky I znahidky. Vol. 25, р. 324-334.
- KOLOMIIETS’, О. (2013) Transformazia bezpekovoi paradygmy Rumunii v konteksti evroatlantychnoi ta evropeiskoi integracii. Problemy mizhnarodnyh vidnosyn. Vol. 7, р. 79-80.
- LEVYK, B. (2011) Istorychnyi dosvid zarubizhnyh krain u politychnomy zabezpechenni natsional’noi bezpeky I oborony v novitiniy period. Visnyk Natsional’nogo universytety «L’vivs’ka politehnika». № 693 «Derzhava ta armiya», р. 234-239.
- KRUPNICK, C. (ed.) (2003) Almost NATO. Partners and Players in Central and Еastern European Security. Lanham: Rowman & Littlefield.
- BARANY, Z. (2003) The Future of NATO’s Expansion. For Case Studies. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
- BERDILA, I. (2012) Romania’s NATO Membership. Fort Leavenworth, Kansas, School of Advanced Military Studies,.
- CHAO, W.J., SANDERS, G. & BEN-ARI G. (2008) Trends in European Defense Spending, 2001 – 2006: A Report of the CSIS Defense-Industrial Initiatives Group. CSIS.
- CLINTON, W. (1997) Remarks to the Citizens of Bucharest, Romania [Online] – Available from: http://www.presidency.ucsb.edu/ [Accessed: May 30, 2018].
- CRACIUN, V. (2007) The Strategic Interest of Romania as NATO and EU Member. Annals of “Constantin Brancusi” University of Targu-Jiu. Serie Economy. No. 2, р. 87-92.
- CVIJETO, J. (2002) Yugoslavia’s Ruin: The Bloody Lessons of Nationalism, A Patriot’s Warning. Lanham: Rowman & Littlefield Publishers.
- DELOVA, G. (2009) Understanding NATO Enlargement. Unpublished Thesis (Master Degree). Malmo, University of Malmo.
- DINESCU, A. (2003) Romania’s Long Road after NATO. Papeles del Este. Transiciones Poscomunistas. №. 5.
- Exercise Cooperative Bridge 94 (2008) [Online] – Available from: https://www.nato.int/ [Accessed: May 30, 2018].
- FITCHETT, J. (2000) Clark Recalls “Lessons” of Kosovo [Online] – Available from: https://www.nytimes.com/ [Accessed: May 30, 2018].
- GHERASIM, C. (2017) Romania Takes Key Role as NATO Prepares to Face Off with Russia [Online] – Available from: http://www.euronews.com/ [Accessed: May 30, 2018].
- KING, J. (1997) NATO Invites Poland, Hungary, Czech Republic to Join [Online] – Available from: http://edition.cnn.com/ [Accessed: May 30, 2018].
- National Defense Strategy 2015 – 2019. A Strong Romania within Europe and the World (2015). Bucharest: The Presidential Administration.
- NATO Officially Gives Ukraine Aspiring Member Status; Membership Action Plan is Next Ambition [Online] – Available from: http://euromaidanpress.com/ [Accessed: May 30, 2018].
- NICOLESCU, A. (2010) Changes in Romania’s Foreign Policy from the Perspective of NATO and EU Membership. Romanian Journal of European Affairs. Vol. 10, No. 1, р. 64-76.
- Poland Will Support Ukraine’s Aspirations to NATO [Online] – Available from: https://eadaily.com/ [Accessed: May 30, 2018].
- GYARMATI, I. & WINKLER, T. (eds.) (2002) Post-Cold-War Defense Reform: Lessons Learned in Europe and in the United States. Washington, D.C.: Brassey’s.
- RAS, K. & SZELIGOWSKI, D. (2018) Lithuania: Ukraine’s Advocate in the International Arena. Bulletin. The Polish Institute of International Relations. – No. 28 (1099).
- Romania – Military Spending (2018) [Online] – Available from: https://www.globalsecurity.org/ [Accessed: May 30, 2018].
- Romania – NATO. Romanian Ministry of Foreign Affairs Ambition (2018) [Online] – Available from: https://www.mae.ro/ [Accessed: May 30, 2018].
- SZLAVIK, M. (ed.) (2014) Romanian Defense 2014. Ministry of National Defense.
- ROTARU, V. & UMLAND, A. (2017) How Romania and Poland Can Strengthen NATO and the EU [Online] – Available from: https://www.foreignaffairs.com/ [Accessed: May 30, 2018].
- TOUMA, A. (2017) NATO Inaugurates New Black Sea Force in Romania [Online] – Available from: http://www.balkaninsight.com/ [Accessed: May 30, 2018].
- TURCANU, M. (2017) Romania Plays Key Role for NATO on Eastern Flank [Online] – Available from: https://www.esjnews.com/ [Accessed: May 30, 2018].
- TZIFAKIS, N. (2001) The Yugoslav Wars’ Implications on Romanian Security. Southeast European Politics. Vol. 2, №. 1, р. 46-58.
- Visit by the President of Romania, Mr. Ion Iliescu to NATO on 17 February 1993. Press Release (1993) [Online] – Available from: http://archives.nato.int/ [Accessed: May 30, 2018].