The ideology of european unity in 1923-1932

Lesya Goncharenko

Ph.D. (History), Associate Professor at the Department of law and international relations of Educational and Research Institute of history and philosophy at Sumy State Pedagogical University named after A. S. Makarenko

Irina Golub

5th year student of Educational and Research Institute of history and philosophy at Sumy State Pedagogical University named after A. S. Makarenko

UDС 94:329.733(4)”1923/1932”



The article analyzes the main provisions of pan-European projects by R.Coudenhove-Kalergi and A.Briand, who formed the basis of the ideology of European unity in the Inter-War period. On the basis of these projects it examines the theoretical basis of future integration processes and their practical value in the future creation of the government associations of the European unions. The article reveals the essence of the ideas of European unity and their bringing to the European society. It investigates the main reasons of the origin of the unifying ideas on the European continent. Particular attention is paid to the understanding of the essence of European unification, the rationality of its necessity. The article analyzes the content of the integration project R.Coudenhove-Kalergi and A.Briand and their fundamental importance in shaping the conceptual integration’s main goals of the future association. It as well highlights the negative reaction of the European ruling elites on these ideas and explains the reasons for this relationship.

It is concluded that the ideology of European unity R.Coudenhove-Kalergi and A.Briand created the projects of alternative arrangement of postwar Europe, the main purpose of which was to achieve peace and prosperity of the European countries, but under objective historical circumstances (the spread of the ideas of revanchism, fascism and the preparation of countries to the Second World War), these ideas were untimely, and therefore delayed for several decades.


European unity, pan-European, the First World War, the interwar period, integration, R. Coudenhove-Kalergi, A. Briand.

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