Nataliia Lopatska,

Ph.D. (History), Associate Professor,

Private Higher Education Establishment «Academician Stepan Demianchuk International University of Economics and Humanities», Rivne, Ukraine




Abstract. The article analyzes the essence of understanding the concepts: «national identity», «ethnic identity», «religious identity», their structural components, evolutionary principles of formation, and correlation in the aspect of a historical phenomenon. The issue of national identity was and remains extremely important for both the past and the present of Ukraine. The idea of ​​state consolidation reflects the aspect of how formed and balanced civil society is. Elements of the latter are various associations covering certain spheres of life. Such structures fully reflect and determine the confessional sympathies of society. Identity in this sense acts as a key basis for the formation of ethnic and religious beliefs. Today, Ukraine is in an extremely difficult situation, which is connected with the Russian-Ukrainian war, which began in February 2014. In the context of modern events, it is important for the population of Ukraine to realize and focus their attention on what unites them. Such factors should be highlighted both in the past of Ukrainian history and determined in the present. The content of the article reconstructs the problem of theoretical understanding of the concept of «national identity», «ethnic identity», «religious identity». It was determined that the specified identities have their own characteristics, which may change over the course of historical time. Attention is drawn to the fact that national identity can change over time. It is substantiated that «national identity», «ethnic identity», «religious identity» are in the process of constant changes, and can also adapt under the influence of external processes. It was determined that the mentioned identities are extremely important for Ukraine, as they both generate and confirm the foundations of national unity, and form a powerful foundation for an established civil society.

Key words: national identity, ethnic identity, religious identity, nation, ethnic group, religion.


Submitted 22.01.2023



  1. Encyklopediya suchasnoyi Ukrayiny. Retrieved from:[In Ukrainian].
  2. Pavlova, O. Yu. (Ed.) (2012). Istoriya ukrayinskoi kultury. Navch. posib. Kyyiv: Centr uchbovoyi literatury. [In Ukrainian].
  3. Kalach, V. (2001). Relihijna identychnist ukrayinskyx hromadyan ta sociokulturni transformaciyi. Visnyk Kyivskoho nacionalnoho universytetu im. Tarasa Shevchenka. Sekciya Ukrayinoznavstvo. 15, 37–39. [In Ukrainian].
  4. Kudryachenko, A. I. (Ed.) (2010). Kulturno-cyvilizacijnyj prostir Yevropy i Ukrayina: osoblyvosti stanovlennya ta suchasni tendenciyi rozvytku. Instytut yevropejskyx doslidzhen NAN Ukrayiny. Kyyiv: Universytet «Ukrayina». [In Ukrainian].
  5. Nahorna, L. P. (2008). Rehionalna identychnist: ukrayinskyj kontekst. Kyyiv: IPiEND imeni I.F.Kurasa NAN Ukrayiny. [In Ukrainian].
  6. Nacionalna identychnist. Vikipediya: vilna encyklopediya. Retrieved from:Національна_ідентичність. [In Ukrainian].
  7. Papayani, I. (2009). Relihijna identychnist v kordonax teoretychnoho relihiyeznavstva. Ukrayinske relihiyeznavstvo. 52, 22-29. [In Ukrainian].
  8. Polishhuk, Yu. (2013, Berezen-kviten). Teoretychni vymiry etnichnoyi i nacionalnoyi identychnostej. Naukovi zapysky Instytutu polit. i etnonac. Doslidzhen I. Kurasa. 2 (64), 197–213. [In Ukrainian].
  9. Rosijsko-ukrayinska vijna. Vikipediya: vilna encyklopediya. Retrieved from:Російсько-українська_війна_(з_2014)#Окупація_Криму_(22_лютого—18_березня_2014). [In Ukrainian].  
  10. Smit, E. D. (1994). Nacionalna identychnist. Kyyiv: Osnovy. Retrieved from: [In Ukrainian].  
  11. Stepyko, M. (2019). Suchasni vyklyky ukrayinskij nacionalnij identychnosti. Naukovi zapysky Instytutu politychnyx i etnonacionalnyx doslidzhen im. I. F. Kurasa NAN Ukrayiny. Kyyiv: Instytut politychnyx i etnonacionalnyx doslidzhen im. I. F. Kurasa NAN Ukrayiny; Prezydiya NAN Ukrayiny. 3-4 (99-100), 253 – 265. [In Ukrainian].  
  12. Fylypovych, L. Relihijni identychnosti v Ukrayini: postanovka problemy. Retrieved from: [In Ukrainian].  
  13. Gutierrez, N. (2001). The Study of National Identity (A. Dieckhoff & N. Gutierrez, Eds.). Modern Roots: Studies of National Identity (pp. 3–20). Ashgate. [In English].
  14. Religious identity. Wikipedia The Free Encyclopedia. Retrieved from: [In English].