The political system of European Union after European Parliament Election of 2019

Andrii Martynov

Dr. Habil. (History), Professor
Institute of History of Ukraine, National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine

UDC 327 (4):(94)


The politics of the European Union are different from other organizations and states due to the unique nature of the EU. The common institutions mix the intergovernmental and supranational aspects of the EU. The EU treaties declare the EU to be based on representative democracy and direct elections take place to the European Parliament. The Parliament, together with the European Council, works for the legislative arm of the EU. The Council is composed of national governments thus representing the intergovernmental nature of the European Union. The central theme of this research is the influence of the European Union Political system the Results of May 2019 European Parliament Election. The EU supranational legislature plays an important role as a producer of legal norms in the process of European integration and parliamentary scrutiny of the activities of the EU executive. The European Parliament, as a representative institution of the European Union, helps to overcome the stereotypical notions of a “Brussels bureaucracy” that limits the sovereignty of EU member states. The European Parliament is a political field of interaction between European optimists and European skeptics. The new composition of the European Parliament presents political forces focused on a different vision of the strategy and tactics of the European integration process. European federalists in the “European People’s Party” and “European Socialists and Democrats” consider the strategic prospect of creating a confederate “United States of Europe”. The Brexit withdrawal from the EU could help the federalists win over European skeptics. Critics of the supranational project of European integration do not have a majority in the new composition of the European Parliament. But they are widely represented in many national parliaments of EU Member States. The conflicting interaction between European liberals and far-right populists is the political backdrop for much debate in the European Parliament. The result of this process is the medium term development vector of the European Union.


Elections, European integration, European Union, European Parliament, European optimists, European skeptics.

Download the Article


1. Tochizky, M. (2019). Evropeiskiy parlament 2014-2019: pjat rokiv poruch z Ukrainoyu, Dzerkalo Tyghnya, 16.

2. Bach, M. (1999). Die Bürokratisierung Europas. Verwaltungseliten, Experten und politische Legitimation in Europa. Frankfurt am Mein: Campus Verlag.

3. Bamberg, & Stubb A. (2003). The European Union: How does it work? Oxford: Oxford University Press.

4. Cini, M. (Hrsg) (2007). European Union Politics. Oxford: Oxford University Press.

5. Corbett, & James F. (2008). The European Parliament. London: Royal Institute of Foreign Affairs.

6. European Parliament 2019-2024. Retrieved from:

7. Frederick, K. Europe’s Choice, History’s Challenge. Retrieved from:

8. Gillingham, J. (2003). European integration 1950-2003. Superstate or New Market Economy? Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

9. Läufer, T. (1994). Die Europäische Union und ihr Parlament. Bonn Taschenbuch

10. Maurer, A. & Wessels W. (2003). Das Europäische Parlament nach Amsterdam und Nizza: Akteur, Arena oder Alibi? Baden-Baden: C.H. Beck Verlag.

11. Maurer, A & Nickel (2005). Das Europäische Parlament. Supranationalität. Repräsentation und Legitimation. Baden-Baden: Fischer Verlag.

12. Rittberger, B. (2005). Building Europe’s Parliament. Democratic Representation Beyond the Nation State. Oxford: Oxford University Press.

13. Schoendube, C. (1993). Blick hinter die Kulissen des Europäischen Parlaments. Bonn: Konrad Adenauer Stiftung.

14. The von der Leyen Commission: for a Union that Strives for work. Retrieved from: