PhD in History, Professor
Taras Shevchenko National University of Kyiv, Kyiv, Ukraine
Abstract. The author of the article examines the history of the United Kingdom’s entry into the European Economic Community in the 1960’s and early 1970’s, namely, he analyses the historical experience of the country’s transformation from a world Empire to a European power. The article is primarily focused on the fact that the United Kingdom’s policy on Western European integration has evolved considerably since the late 1950’s. It is noted that at the beginning of the 1960’s, the Europeanization of attitudes was gradually developing both in the UK’s power structures and among the population. The key reasons for the negative outcome of the UK’s first attempt to join the EEC are considered. Position and role of the country’s government executives in the development and implementation of the European integration policy are determined. It is stated that a major barrier to the United Kingdom’s entry into the European community was the position of France, which did not want the British to become full-fledged EEC member. It is pointed out that significant progress in the rapprochement of the UK and the EEC was achieved only at the end of 1969, with the decision to expand this organization. It is noted that it was after the meeting of Georges Pompidou and Edward Heath that an agreement on the terms of UK’s entry into the European Economic Community was finally reached. The article also focuses on the analysis of benefits of membership in the European Community for the British people. The special role of the Edward Heath’s ministry, during whose term of office it was decided to consider London’s Western European policy as a priority, is pointed out. And finally, it is determined that the adaptation of the United Kingdom as a member of the EEC has lasted many years, during which many issues arising have not been resolved.
Key words: the United Kingdom, integration, European Economic Community, cooperation, European policy.
Download full text
- Brandt, V. (1991). Moskva : Novosty [In Russian].
- Koloskov, Y. (1976). Vneshnyaya polytyka Pyatoj respublyky : эvolyucyya osnovnыx napravlenyj y tendencyj, 1958–1972. Moskva : Nauka [In Russian].
- Lebedev, A. (1976). Vopros ob uchastyy Anhlyy v obshhem rыnke v anhlo-francuzskyx otnoshenyyax (1961–1976 hh.). avtoref. dys. … kand. yst. nauk , Yn-t myrovoj эkonomyky y mezhdunar. otnoshenyj. Moskva [In Russian].
- Lypkyn, M. (2009). Brytanyya v poyskax Evropы = Britain in search of Europe : dolhyj put” v EЭS, 1957–1974 hh. Moskva: Aletejya. [In Russian].
- Maklejn, D. (1972). Vneshnyaya polytyka Anhlyy posle Suэca. Moskva : Prohress. [In Russian].
- Perehudov, S. (1996). Tэtcher y tэtcheryzm. Moskva : Nauka. [In Russian].
- Strezhneva, M. (1988). Velykobrytanyya y Zapadnaya Evropa: polytycheskye aspektы. Moskva : Nauka. [In Russian]
- Beloff, N. (1973). Transit of Britain: a report on Britain’s changing role in the post-war world. London: Collins.
- Hannay, D. (Ed.). (2000). Britain’s entry into the European Community: report by Sir Con O’Neill on the negotiations of 1970–1972. London: Routledge.
- Financial Times. (1971, July 29).
- Heath, E. (1969). Realism in British foreign policy. Foreign Affairs, 48 (1), 19-50.
- Mahan, E. R. Kennedy, de Gaulle, and Western Europe. London; Gordonsville: Palgrave Macmillan.
- Kitzinger, U. W. (1968). Text of the Communiqué issued by the Council of Ministers of EEC. In U. W. Kitzinger, The Second try : labour and the E.E.C. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
- The Guardian. (1967, February 1).
- The Times. (1967, March 21).
- The Times. (1971, May 21).
- Young, J. (2007). Britain and European Unity, 1945–1992. Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillan.