Formation of organizational and production structures in the agricultural sector of the Bulgarian economy in the conditions of European integration

Maria Georgieva

PhD in History
National Transport University, Kyiv, Ukraine


Abstract. The peculiarities of the formation of new organizational and production structures of the agricultural sector of the Bulgarian economy in terms of integration into the European Union are considered. One of the conditions for ensuring the competitiveness of Bulgarian agriculture was the creation of a significant number of farms of various organizational and legal forms. Peculiarities of creation and functioning of private agricultural enterprises against the background of privatization of former labor cooperatives and state farms with observance of a clearly regulated legislative procedure are studied.
The peculiarities of creating private agricultural farms in two forms are generalized: private households and large agro-firms. Of course, there were some difficulties with the privatization of agricultural machinery, equipment, technical and farm buildings. Also, difficulties arose with the management of agricultural commodity production due to the long absence of a tradition of private property in agriculture. It is proved that one of the features of the formation of new organizational and production structures was their creation on the basis of decolectivization and privatization. The main task of this process was to create an efficient and competitive environment for the development of the agricultural sector.
The basis of agricultural management in Bulgaria in the period 1996-2007 were private agricultural enterprises, which were more efficient in their activities than other organizational and legal forms of management. However, the imperfection of the management system of the agricultural sector did not allow to accelerate the process of productivity of the industry, to attract the latest scientific advances and more efficient use of logistics.
In the pre-integration period, no program of management actions for the functioning of agricultural enterprises was developed, which did not contribute to the growth of their financial and economic indicators and the competitiveness of these farms.
Key words: Bulgaria, agriculture, integration, European Union, production, structure.

Submitted: 27.02.2021

Download full article:


1. Blagoeva, S. (2010). OSP v Bŭlgariya sled 1998 g., Zakonodatelni predlozheniya na EK [CAP in Bulgaria after 1998, Legislative proposals of the EC]. Sofiya: Institut na pazarna ikonomika. (in Bulgarian)

2. Vŭlkanov, N. (2014). Razvitie na proizvoditelnostta v bŭlgarskoto selsko stopanstvo led priemaneto na stranata v ES [Development of productivity in Bulgarian agriculture after the country’s accession to the EU]. Sofiya: Institut na pazarna ikonomika. (in Bulgarian)

3. Dardzhonov, T. (2004). Fermerskoto zemedelie i problemi na prekhoda kŭm nego [Farming and problems of transition to it]. Sofiya: «Byal grad-BG». (in Bulgarian)

4. Do chinova, YU. (2006). Organizatsionno prestrukturirane na bŭlgarskoto zemedelie – predpostavki i rezultati [Organizational restructuring of Bulgarian agriculture – prerequisites and results]. Sofiya: Nov Bŭlgarski universitet. (in Bulgarian)

5. Iordanova, K. (2019). Zelen komponent na selsko stopanstvo [Green component of agriculture]. Ruse: Khermes. (in Bulgarian)

6. Nikolov, V. (2012). Mnogogodishnata finansova ramka na rope skiya sŭyuz za perioda 1998-2014 g. Analiz za potentsialni efekti vŭrkhu Bŭlgariya [The multiannual financial framework of the European Union for the period 1998-2014. Analysis of potential effects on Bulgaria]. Sofiya: Institut za pazarna ikonomika. (in Bulgarian)

7. Ninova, M. (2009). Politika za raz itie na selskite ra oni [Rural development policy]. Plovdiv: ABT. (in Bulgarian) 8. Onchev, N. (2000). Izsled aniya ŭrkhu krizata na bŭlgarskoto zemedelie [Research on the crisis of Bulgarian agriculture]. Sofiya: Institut za pazarna ikonomika. (in Bulgarian)